Drug addiction, also called substance use disorder, is a disease that affects a person’s brain and behavior and leads to an inability to control the use of a legal or illegal drug or medication. Substances such as alcohol, marijuana, Cocaine and nicotine also are considered drugs. When you’re addicted, you may continue using the drug despite the harm it causes.
People do not lose their human rights because they use drugs. To tackle the world drug problem, we should shift from primarily approach based on law enforcement to one that, first and foremost, focuses on the human rights of people who use drugs (PWUD).
Criminalization of possession and use of drugs causes significant obstacles to the right to health. PWUD may justifiably fear that they will be arrested or imprisoned if they seek health-care. They may even be discouraged from seeking information about safe practises for drug use and indeed, in some cases, even dissemination of information about safe practices is punishable by law! The result, most frequently is risky forms of drug use which can lead to infections, vascular accidents and drug overdose, which is the main cause of drug-related deaths.
The question of youths/children and drug use is also vital. They should be protected by focusing on prevention, including on the risks of HIV infection, and should receive accurate and age-appropriate information on drugs. It is recommended that children should not be subject to criminal prosecution, and that responses to drug use should be based on health education, treatment and social-reintegration. Reachout Centre Trust accentuate the fact that people who use drugs do not lose their human rights and they are sick people who need treatment.